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Abstract

Challenges of Adaptation Response in Caloric Restriction

Background: Meta-obesity is a problem of public health concern, especially obesity management. Although initial success rates are high for many diet types reaching 10% weight loss, there is a problem: the regaining weight after diet. There are a limited number of studies that measures the success of weight loss expressed by weight maintained for a long time after diet stopped.

Methods and findings: Only 20% of individuals who lost five or more kilos where able to keep their weight long enough after diet cessation, but most patients experience regaining their weight even to higher levels than starting point. If nutritional intervention programs are to be used as first line action in treating obesity, the body’s adaptive responses to caloric restrictions must be very well known before making a plan of action and monitoring.

Conclusion: The human body will always trigger the starvation response to caloric deficits diets and if we want to be successful we have to find more suitable solutions to weight loss than lifestyle and nutritional intervention use now, by optimizing tools and methods in order to increase the rate of successful permanent weight loss.


Author(s):

Monica Tarcea and Levente Nemes



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