The epidemic of overweight and obesity presents a major challenge to chronic disease prevention and health across the life-span, as well as around the world. In United States, more than one-third of adults (35.0% among men and 40.4% among women) and 17% of youth are obese [1,2]. Although relatively stable between 2003-2004 and 2009-2010 [1,2], obesity’s high prevalence in the US and the rapid increases worldwide, especially in childhood and other groups that experience health inequalities such as minorities or some occupational populations, represent major public health problems. Moreover, obesity strongly promotes risk factor clustering through adverse effects on blood pressure, lipids, glucose metabolism, sleep-disordered breathing and cardiac enlargement .
Mercedes Sotos Prieto, Stefanos N Kales
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